The US Senate holds the upper position or the upper chamber in the legislative branch, which is considered the most influential body of the Federal Government and the House of Representatives. The Senate of the United States is a legislative branch of the government that consists of 100 members called the Senators. Every state in the US is represented by two senators, who are elected statewide. Both the senators are elected for a term of six years and are eligible for re-election the following year. The Vice President of the United States leads the senator who is also the President of the Senate. If there exists a tie between the members, then the Vice President, who is also the President of the senate’s, is allowed to cast their vote.
All about the senates
They’re a group of 100 members called the Senators. Regardless of the state’s population, every state owns two senators, unlike the members of the house, who are voted based on the population and geographical constraints. Out of their six-year tenure, one-third of the seats are up for election, every two years. Until the enactment of the 17TH Amendment Act of 1919, the senators were elected by the state legislatures, after which the power was given to the members of the state. They conduct their political meetings and whereabouts in the north wing of the US Capitol building in Washington DC.
Leader of the senates
Like mentioned above, the Vice President is the learned or the President of the senate, and they have the power to cast a deciding vote in case of a tie. When the vice president is present in the house, they are expected to speak if they are reporting results of an Electoral College vote in the presidential elections.
Powers of the Senate
The senate’s power is described in the constitution as well. Both the houses of the congress and the constitution are required to ensure the role of the upper boy, according to too the verses of the constitution in Article I, section 3.
Apart from that, they have the power in:
- Impeachment of the President
- Impeachment of Vice president
- Impeachment of higher-order members like the high court judges etc
- With a two-thirds majority in the house, the Senates have the power to impeach anybody from their term of office.
- While the President of the united states has the power to negotiate terms and treaties with other nations, only if the senate gets a two-third of the majority in the house, only then will the order pass.
- Every decision that is taken in the house, including the ones regarding cabinet ministers etc. must have two-thirds of the senate’s votes, only then the decision will be under effect.
They’re also involved in the matters of national interest—for example, the Vietnam war, the Watergate break-in and other essential matters of the state.